In this article, we have provided HSRP Interview Questions with Answers for CCNA exam.
CCNA 200-125 Exam: HSRP Questions With Answers
Question 1. Which protocol advertises a virtual IP address to facilitate transparent failover of a Cisco routing device?
Explanation: Primary mission of HSRP (Hot Standby Routing Protocol) is providing a redundant default gateway for end stations. However, it can also be used to provide load balancing. Many end stations allow only a single default gateway. Normally, this makes these hosts totally dependent on one router when communicating with all nodes off the local subnet. To avoid this limitation, HSRP provides a mechanism to allow this single IP address to be shared by two or more routers.
Question 2. Which protocol is the Cisco proprietary implementation of FHRP?
Explanation: Both HSRP and GLBP are Cisco Proprietary implementation of FHRP. VRRP is open standard (RFC5798)
Question 3. Which standards-based First Hop Redundancy Protocol is a Cisco supported alternative to Hot Standby Router Protocol?
Explanation: VRRP is open standard protocol and defined in RFC3768 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3768 . GLBP and HSRP are Cisco proprietary. TFTP is used to transfer files between two Network Devices. DHCP dynamically allocates IP addresses to the Network devices.
Question 4. What are two requirements for an HSRP group? (Choose two)
A. exactly one active router
B. one or more standby routers
C. one or more backup virtual routers
D. exactly one standby active router
E. exactly one backup virtual router
A. exactly one active router: Only one Active Router per HSRP group will be elected based on highest priority. In case of equal priority, Highest IP address will be elected as Active Router.
B. one or more standby routers : There can be one or more Standby Routers.
C, D And E are incorrect: Wrong terminology.
Question 5. Which three options are the HSRP states for a router? (Choose three)
Initial: This is the state at the start. This state indicates that HSRP does not run. This state is entered through a configuration change or when an interface first becomes available.
Question 6. Which standards-based First Hop Redundancy Protocol is a Cisco supported alternative to Hot Standby Router Protocol?
Question 7. Which value to use in HSRP protocol election process?
B. virtual IP address
D. router ID
The priority field is used to elect the active router and the standby router for the specific group. In the case of an equal priority, the router with the highest IP address for the respective group is elected as active. Furthermore, if there are more than two routers in the group, the second highest IP address determines the standby router and the other router/routers are in the listen state.
Question 8. Which of the following is needed to be enable back the role of active in HSRP?
C. other options
D. other options
Using HSRP Preempt, you can ensure that a particular router is always selected as the HSRP active router if it is available.
Question 9. What is new in HSRPv2?
B. a greater number in hsrp group field