CCNA Security Lab: Security Policy Development and Implementation

CCNA Security Lab: Security Policy Development and Implementation

Topology

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Objectives
Part 1: Create a Basic Security Policy

  • Use Cisco Security Policy Builder to create a policy.
  • Develop a network device configuration policy.

Part 2: Basic Network Device Configuration

  • Configure host names, interface IP addresses, and passwords.
  • Configure static routing.

Part 3: Secure Network Routers

  • Configure passwords and a login banner.
  • Configure SSH access and disable Telnet.
  • Configure HTTP secure server access.
  • Configure a synchronized time source using NTP.
  • Configure router syslog support.
  • Configure centralized authentication using AAA and RADIUS.
  • Use Cisco IOS to disable unneeded services and secure against login attacks.
  • Use SDM to disable unneeded services.
  • Configure a CBAC firewall.
  • Configure a ZBF firewall.
  • Configure Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) using Cisco IOS and SDM.
  • Back up and secure the Cisco IOS image and configuration files.

Part 4: Secure Network Switches

  • Configure passwords, and a login banner.
  • Configure management VLAN access.
  • Configure a synchronized time source Using NTP.
  • Configure syslog support.
  • Configure SSH access.
  • Configure AAA and RADIUS.
  • Secure trunk ports.
  • Secure access ports.
  • Protect against STP attacks.
  • Configure port security and disable unused ports.

Part 5: Configure VPN Remote Access

  • Use SDM to configure Easy VPN Server.
  • Use the Cisco VPN Client to test the remote access VPN.

Background
A comprehensive security policy covers three main areas: governing policies, end-user policies, and technical policies. Technical policies can include email, remote access, telephony, applications, and network policies, such as device access controls and logging. The focus of this lab is technical network policies and security measures that can be configured for network devices.

In Part 1 of this lab, you use the Cisco Security Policy Builder tool to create a basic security policy. You customize the policy by changing the generic names in the document to a company name of your choice.

You also develop a Network Device Security Guidelines document as a supplement to the basic security policy. This document addresses specific router and switch security measures and describes the security requirements to be implemented on the infrastructure equipment. The basic Security Policy and the Network Device Security Guidelines are presented to your instructor for review prior to starting Part 2 of the lab.

In Part 2, you build the network and configure basic device settings. In Parts 3 and 4, you secure routers and switches. In Part 5, you configure a router for VPN remote access. The Network Device Security Guidelines policy is used as the guiding document.

The fictitious company you are working for has two locations connected by an ISP. Router R1 represents a remote site, and R3 represents the corporate headquarters. Router R2 represents the ISP.

Note: The router commands and output in this lab are from a Cisco 1841 with Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T (Advanced IP image). The switch commands and output are from a Cisco WS-C2960-24TT-L with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(46)SE (C2960-LANBASEK9-M image). Other routers, switches, and Cisco IOS versions can be used. See the Router Interface Summary table at the end of the lab to determine which interface identifiers to use based on the equipment in the lab. Depending on the router or switch model and Cisco IOS version, the commands available and output produced might vary from what is shown in this lab.

Note: Make sure that the routers and switches have been erased and have no startup configurations.

Instructor Note: Instructions for erasing both the switch and router are provided in the Lab Manual, located on Academy Connection in the Tools section.

Required Resources

  • 2 routers with SDM 2.5 installed (Cisco 1841 with Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T1 Advanced IP Service or comparable)
  • 1 router (Cisco 1841 with Cisco IOS Release 12.4(20)T1 IP Base or comparable)
  • 3 switches (Cisco 2960 with Cisco IOS Release 12.2(46)SE C2960-LANBASEK9-M image or comparable)
  • PC-A: Windows XP, Vista, or Windows Server (with RADIUS, TFTP, and syslog servers plus PuTTY and Cisco VPN Client software available)
  • PC-B: Windows XP or Vista
  • PC-C: Windows XP or Vista (with RADIUS, TFTP, and syslog servers plus PuTTY software available; SuperScan is optional)
  • Serial and Ethernet cables as shown in the topology
  • Rollover cables to configure the routers via the console
  • Access to the Internet and an email account.

Instructor Notes:

  • This lab is divided into five parts. Part 1 can be performed separately but must be performed before parts 2 through 5. Parts 2 through 5 can be performed individually or in combination with others as time permits, but should be performed sequentially. In some cases, a task assumes the configuration of certain features in a prior task.
  • The main goal is to create a basic security policy for an organization and then implement the network equipment configuration portion of it on the hardware devices using the security techniques learned in this course.
  • For the main configuration tasks, the related course chapter is indicated so that the student can reference previous course material and labs when configuring devices. This lab is written in the style of a challenge lab and does not provide many commands for the student. Students must use their memory, Cisco IOS help, or commands shown in previous labs to complete the tasks. Commands are shown in some cases where they differ significantly from the ones used in previous labs or where the student should be familiar with the material but it was not a focus area for the course.
  • Students present their basic Security Policy and Network Device Security Guidelines from Part 1 to the instructor for review prior to starting lab Part 2. Make sure that they have included all elements of the sample shown in Part 1.
  • The switches in the topology are an integral part of this lab and are secured along with the routers.
  • The final running configs for all devices are found at the end of the lab.

Part 1: Create a Security Policy
In Part 1, you use the Cisco Security Policy Builder tool to create a basic security policy. You customize the policy to meet specific needs. Present this document in a formal manner, with a title page, administrative overview, and policy components.

This tool provides businesses a sample network security policy that is then tailored to their requirements.

Task 1: Use Cisco Security Policy Builder to Create a Basic Security Policy (Chapter 9)
Step 1: Access the Cisco Security Policy Builder tool.
a. Open a browser and access the Cisco Security Policy Builder (SPB) tool

Note: You do not need a CCO account to access this tool.

b. Read through the introduction screen to get an overview of what SPB does and then click the Launch Security Policy Builder link.

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Step 2: Create a basic security policy.
a. In the next window, click the SECURITY POLICY INTERVIEW link to begin the interview.
b. In the first SECURITY POLICY INTERVIEW window, select 51-100 employees for Company Size. Click Next to continue.
c. For Industry, select the industry in which your company primarily operates. You may choose any of the industries listed. In this example, the manufacturing industry is selected. Click Next to continue.

Instructor Note: The generic security policy generated is the same regardless of the industry selected or
number of employees specified. The policy is altered primarily through the advanced technologies and
remote access options selected in Steps 2d and 2e.

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d. For Advanced Technologies, select Yes for the question regarding whether the organization deploys security, VPN, and firewall? Select No for wireless, IP communications (VoIP), and storage. Click Next to continue.

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e. For Remote Access, select Yes – For Employees only. Click Next to continue.

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f. In the SECURITY POLICY RESULTS window, enter your email address and accept the disclaimer. Click Send Security Policy.

Note: The security policy is emailed to you as a Word document.

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Step 3: Review the basic security policy.
a. The security policy generated by Cisco SPB is approximately 20 pages. Review the major sections of the policy and list them in the space provided below.

Note: These sections change based on your answers to the security policy interview in Step 2, especially those related to the advanced technologies employed.

Answers will vary based on the entries selected. These are the main sections for this sample security policy.

  • Introduction
  • Acceptable Use Policy
  • Email and Communications Activities
  • Anti-Virus Policy
  • Identity Policy
  • Password Policy
  • Encryption Policy
  • Remote Access Policy
  • Virtual Private Network (VPN) Policy
  • Extranet Policy

What portions of the generated basic SPB policy are related to technical policies? Answer will vary but should include: Password Policy, Application Development Standards (including support for TACACS+ and RADIUS), Encryption Policy and Remote Access Policy.

b. Select a fictitious company name and write it here: Answers will vary
c. Read through the policy to identify generic text to be replaced. Use find and replace to replace the text with the company name that you selected.
d. Replace the generic text in the basic security policy document, such as < YOUR COMPANY NAME HERE >, with the name of your fictitious company.

Task 2: Create Network Equipment Security Guidelines to Supplement the Basic Security Policy (Chapter 9)
Step 1: Review the objectives for previous CCNA Security labs.
a. Open each of the previous labs completed from chapters one through eight and review the objectives listed for each one.
b. Copy them to a separate document for use as a starting point. Focus mainly on those objectives that involve security practices and device configuration.

Step 2: Create a Network Device Security Guidelines document for router and switch security.
Create a high-level list of tasks to include for network device security. This document reinforces and supplements the information presented in the basic Security Policy document created in Task 1. It is based on the content of previous CCNA Security labs and on the networking devices present in the course lab topology. Construct the document so that the topic headings and wording are similar to that found in the Security Policy document.

Note: The Network Device Security Guidelines document is no more than two pages and is the basis for the equipment configuration in the remaining parts of the lab.

Step 3: Submit the basic Security Policy and Network Device Security Guidelines to your instructor.
Provide the edited basic Security Policy and Network Device Security Guidelines documents to your instructor for review before starting Part 2 of the lab. You can send them as email attachments or put them on removable storage media, such as a flash drive, floppy disc, or CD.

Note: These security documents are over 20 pages. Do not print them out.

Instructor Note: The basic security document generated by Cisco SPB is approximately 20 pages and is not included here. The following is an example of how the Network Device Security Guidelines document might look. Be sure the students have addressed the categories and steps shown here.

Technical Policies Supplement to Security Policies
Network Device Security Guidelines

Unless otherwise indicated, these policy guidelines apply to all primary network devices such as switches and
routers.

Router Administrative Access

The following steps must be taken to secure and harden routers.

  1. Configure the enable secret, console, and vty passwords.
  2. Encrypt all passwords, which should be a minimum of 10 characters. Passwords should include a combination of uppercase, lowercase, numbers, and special characters.
  3. Configure a login banner warning unauthorized users of the penalties of access to this device.
  4. Configure an administrative user with privilege level 15 and a secret password.
  5. Configure an SSH server and disable Telnet access.
  6. Configure a centralized synchronized time source using NTP.
  7. Configure syslog support on edge routers.
  8. Enable HTTP secure server for web-based access.
  9. Configure centralized authentication for each site using AAA and RADIUS.
  10. Disable unneeded services.
  11. Configure static routing between edge routers and the ISP.

Router Firewalls and Intrusion Prevention
Configure a firewall on edge routers using Context-Based Access Control (CBAC) or SDM Zone-Based Firewall tools. The firewall must allow external SSH connections, VPN traffic, and NTP. Configure a Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) on the edge router’s internal and external interfaces.

Switch Security Measures
The following steps should be taken to secure and harden switches.

  1. Configure the enable secret, console, and vty passwords.
  2. Encrypt all passwords, which should be a minimum of 10 characters. Passwords should include a combination of uppercase, lowercase, numbers, and special characters.
  3. Configure a login banner warming unauthorized users of the penalties of accessing this device.
  4. Configure an administrative user with privilege level 15 and a secret password.
  5. Configure NTP to access a centralized synchronized time source.
  6. Configure an SSH server and disable Telnet access.
  7. Disable the HTTP server.
  8. Configure centralized authentication using AAA and RADIUS.
  9. Configure forced trunking mode on trunk ports.
  10. Change the native VLAN for trunk ports to an unused VLAN.
  11. Enable storm control for broadcasts.
  12. Configure all active non-trunk ports as access ports.
  13. Enable PortFast and BPDU guard on all active ports.
  14. Configure port security.
  15. Disable unused ports.

Device Operating System and Configuration File Security

  1. Back up device Cisco IOS images to a TFTP server.
  2. Back up device running configs to a TFTP server.
  3. Secure the Cisco IOS image and configuration files.

VPN Remote Access

  1. Configure corporate router support for remote access IPsec VPN connections.
  2. Provide the Cisco VPN Client on external hosts.

Part 2: Basic Network Device Configuration (Chapters 2 and 6)
In Part 2, you set up the network topology and configure basic settings, such as the interface IP addresses and static routing. Perform steps on routers and switches as indicated.

Step 1: Cable the network as shown in the topology.
Attach the devices shown in the topology diagram, and cable as necessary.

Step 2: Configure basic settings for all routers.
a. Configure host names as shown in the topology.
b. Configure the interface IP addresses as shown in the IP addressing table.
c. Configure a clock rate for the routers with a DCE serial cable attached to their serial interface.

d. Disable DNS lookup to prevent the router from attempting to translate incorrectly entered commands as though they were host names.

Step 3: Configure static default routes on R1 and R3.
Configure a static default route from R1 to R2 and from R3 to R2.

Step 4: Configure static routes on R2.
Configure a static route from R2 to the R1 LAN and from R2 to the R3 LAN.

Step 5: Configure basic settings for each switch.
a. Configure host names as shown in the topology.
b. Configure the VLAN 1 management addresses as shown in the IP Addressing table.

c. Configure the IP default gateway for each of the three switches. The gateway for the S2 and S3 switches is the R1 Fa0/1 interface IP address. The gateway for the S3 switch is the R3 Fa0/1 interface IP address.

d. Disable DNS lookup to prevent the switches from attempting to translate incorrectly entered commands as though they were host names.

Step 6: Configure PC host IP settings.
Configure a static IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway for PC-A, PC-B, and PC-C, as shown in the IP addressing table.

Step 7: Verify connectivity between PC-A and PC-C.

Step 8: Save the basic running configuration for each router.

Part 3: Secure Network Routers
In Part 3, you configure device access, passwords, firewalls, and intrusion prevention. Perform steps on routers as indicated.

Task 1: Configure Passwords and a Login Banner (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Configure a minimum password length of 10 characters on all routers.

Step 2: Configure the enable secret password on all routers.
Use an enable secret password of cisco12345.

Step 3: Encrypt plaintext passwords.

Step 4: Configure the console lines on all routers.
Configure a console password of ciscoconpass and enable login. Set the exec-timeout to log out after 5 minutes of inactivity. Prevent console messages from interrupting command entry.

Step 5: Configure the vty lines on R2.
Configure a vty lines password of ciscovtypass and enable login. Set the exec-timeout to log out after 5 minutes of inactivity.

Note: The vty lines for R1 and R3 are configured for SSH in Task 2.

Step 6: Configure a login warning banner on routers R1 and R3.
Configure a warning to unauthorized users with a message-of-the-day (MOTD) banner that says “Unauthorized access strictly prohibited and prosecuted to the full extent of the law”.

Task 2: Configure the SSH Server on Routers R1 and R3 (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Configure a privileged user for login from the SSH client.
Create the user Admin01 account with a privilege level of 15 and a secret password of Admin01pa55.

Step 2: Configure the domain name ccnasecurity.com.

Step 3: Configure the incoming vty lines.
Specify a privilege level of 15 so that a user with the highest privilege level (15) will default to privileged EXEC mode when accessing the vty lines. Other users will default to user EXEC mode. Specify local user accounts for mandatory login and validation, and accept only SSH connections.

Step 4: Generate the RSA encryption key pair for the router.
Configure the RSA keys with 1024 for the number of modulus bits.

Step 5: Verify SSH connectivity to R1 from PC-A.
a. If the SSH client is not already installed, download either TeraTerm or PuTTY.
b. Launch the SSH client, enter the Fa0/1 IP address, and enter the Admin01 username and password Admin01pa55.

Task 3: Configure a Synchronized Time Source Using NTP (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Set up the NTP master using Cisco IOS commands.
R2 will be the master NTP server. All other routers and switches learn their time from it, either directly or indirectly.

a. Ensure that R2 has the correct coordinated universal time. Set the time if it is not correct.

b. Configure R2 as the NTP master with a stratum number of 3.

Step 2: Configure R1 and R3 as NTP clients.

a. Configure R1 and R3 to become NTP clients of R2.

b. Verify that R1 and R3 have made an association with R2 using the show ntp associations command.

Task 4: Configure Router Syslog Support (Chapter 2)

Step 1: (Optional) Install the syslog server on PC-A and PC-C.
If a syslog server is not currently installed on the host, download the latest version of Kiwi  install it on your desktop. If it is already installed, go to Step 2.

Step 2: Configure R1 to log messages to the PC-A syslog server.
a. Verify that you have connectivity between R1 and host PC-A by pinging the R1 Fa0/1 interface IP address 192.168.1.1 from PC-A. If it is not successful, troubleshoot as necessary before continuing.
b. Configure logging on the router to send syslog messages to the syslog server.

Step 3: Configure R3 to log messages to the PC-C syslog server.
a. Verify that you have connectivity between R3 and the host PC-C by pinging the R3 Fa0/1 interface IP address 192.168.3.1 from PC-C. If it is not successful, troubleshoot as necessary before continuing.
b. Configure logging on the router to send syslog messages to the syslog server.

Task 5: Configure Authentication Using AAA and RADIUS (Chapter 3)
PC-A will serve as the local RADIUS server for the remote site, and R1 accesses the external RADIUS server for user authentication. The freeware RADIUS server WinRadius is used for this section of the lab.

Step 1: (Optional) Download and configure the WinRadius software.
a. If WinRadius is not currently installed on R1, download the latest version from
http://www.suggestsoft.com/soft/itconsult2000/winradius/. There is no installation setup. The extracted WinRadius.exe file is executable.
b. Start the WinRadius.exe application. If the application is being started for the first time, follow the
instructions to configure the WinRadius server database.

Step 2: Configure users and passwords on the WinRadius server.
a. Add username RadAdmin with a password of RadAdminpa55.
b. Add username RadUser with a password of RadUserpa55.

Step 3: Enable AAA on R1.

Use the aaa new-model command to enable AAA.

Step 4: Configure the default login authentication list.
Configure the list to first use radius for the authentication service and then local to allow access based on the local router database if a RADIUS server cannot be reached.

Step 5: Verify connectivity between R1 and the PC-A RADIUS server.
Ping from R1 to PC-A.

If the pings are not successful, troubleshoot the PC and router configuration before continuing.

Step 6: Specify a RADIUS server on R1.
Configure the router to access the RADIUS server at the PC-A IP address. Specify port numbers 1812 and 1813, along with the default secret key of WinRadius for the RADIUS server.

Step 7: Test your configuration by logging into the console on R1.
a. Exit to the initial router screen that displays the following: R1 con0 is now available.
b. Log in with the username RadAdmin and password RadAdminpa55. Are you able to login with minimal delay? Yes, and there was negligible delay as R1 was able to access the RADIUS server to validate the username and password.

Note: If you close the WinRadius server and restart it, you must recreate the user accounts from Step 2.

Step 8: Test your configuration by connecting to R1 with SSH.
a. Clear the log display for the WinRadius server by selecting Log > Clear.
b. Use PuTTY or another terminal emulation client to open an SSH session from PC-A to R1.
c. At the login prompt, enter the username RadAdmin defined on the RADIUS server and the password
RadAdminpa55.
Are you able to login to R1? Yes
d. Exit the SSH session.
e. Stop the WinRadius server on PC-A by selecting Operation > Exit.
f. Open an SSH session and attempt to log in again as RadAdmin. Are you able to login to R1? No, access denied.
g. Close the SSH client and open another SSH session to R1 and attempt to log in as Admin01 with a
password of Admin01pa55.

With the WinRadius server unavailable, are you able to log in to R1? Why or why not? Yes, even though the RADIUS server on PC-A was shut down, the default login authentication list specifies that the local database can be used for authentication if a RAIDUS server cannot be reached. User Admin01 was previously defined as a user in the local database.

Step 9: Configure RADIUS support on R3.
Repeat steps 1 through 6 to configure R3 to access PC-C as a RADIUS server.

Task 6: Use the CLI to Disable Unneeded Services on R1 and Secure Against Login Attacks (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Use the CLI to disable common IP services that can be exploited for network attacks.
Tip: You can issue the auto secure management command to see the management related commands that would be generated. When prompted with “Apply this configuration to running-config? [yes]:” respond NO and then selectively copy the desired commands to a text file for editing and application to the router.
a. Disable the following global services on the router.

Note: Disabling the HTTP server prevents web-based access to the router using SDM. If you want to have secure access to the router using SDM, you can enable it using the command ip http secureserver.

b. For each serial interface, disable the following interface services.

c. For each Fast Ethernet interface, disable the following interface services.

Step 2: Secure against login attacks on R1 and R3.
Configure the following parameters:

  • Blocking period when login attack detected: 60
  • Maximum login failures with the device: 2
  • Maximum time period for crossing the failed login attempts: 30
Step 3: Save the running configuration to the startup configuration for R1 and R3.

Task 7: Use SDM to Disable Unneeded Services on R3 (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Configure secure HTTP router access prior to starting SDM.
Enable the HTTP secure server on R3.

Step 2: Access SDM and set command delivery preferences.
a. Start the SDM application, or open a browser on PC-C and start SDM by entering the R3 IP address at https://192.168.3.1 in the address field. Be sure to use HTTPS as the protocol.
b. At the security certificate warning, click Continue to this website.
c. Log in with no username and the enable secret password cisco12345.
d. If the Warning – Security window pops up stating that the website’s certificate cannot be verified, check the Always trust content from this publisher check box and then click Yes to continue.
e. In the Authentication Required dialog box, do not enter a username but enter the enable secret password cisco12345.
f. In the IOS IPS Login dialog box, do not enter a username but enter the enable secret password cisco12345.
g. Set the user preferences to allow preview of commands before delivering them to the router.

Step 3. Begin the security audit.
a. Select Configure > Security Audit and click the Perform Security Audit button.
b. Select FastEthernet 0/1 as the Inside Trusted interface and Serial 0/0/1 as the Outside Untrusted interface
c. View the Security Audit report and note which services did not pass. Click Next.
d. In the Fix It window, click Fix it to disable the following global and interface services:

Note: Do not fix (disable) Proxy ARP because this disables ARP on all R3 interfaces and causes a problem, specifically with interface Fa0/1, and pings to the R3 VPN server LAN. The VPN server is configured in Part 5 of the lab.

e. Click Next to view a summary of the problems that will be fixed. Click Finish to deliver the commands to the router.

Task 8: Configure a CBAC Firewall on R1 (Chapter 4)

Step 1: Use the Cisco IOS AutoSecure feature to enable a CBAC firewall on R1.
a. To configure only the Context Based Access Control (CBAC) firewall on R1, use the auto secure command and specify the firewall option. Respond as shown in the following AutoSecure output to the AutoSecure questions and prompts. The responses are in bold.

Step 2: Review the AutoSecure CBAC configuration.
a. To which interface is the autosec_inspect name applied and in what direction? Serial0/0/0 interface outbound.
b. To which interface is the ACL autosec_firewall_acl applied and in which direction? S0/0/0 inbound.
c. What is the purpose of the ACL autosec_firewall_acl? It allows only bootpc traffic to enter the S0/0/0 interface and blocks all other non-established connections from outside R1.

Step 3: From PC-A, ping the R2 external WAN interface.
a. From PC-A, ping the R2 interface S0/0/0 at IP address 10.1.1.2.
b. Are the pings successful? Why or why not? No. ICMP was not included in the autosec_inspect list, so the pings that PC-A sends are blocked from returning.

Step 4: Add ICMP to the autosec_inspect list.
Configure R1 to inspect ICMP and allow ICMP echo replies from outside hosts with a timeout of 60 seconds.

Step 5: From PC-A, ping the R2 external WAN interface.
a. From PC-A, ping the R2 interface S0/0/0 at IP address 10.1.1.2.
b. Are the pings successful? Why or why not? Yes, ICMP is now included in the autosec_inspect list, so
the ICMP replies for ICMP requests originating from within the R1 LAN are allowed to return.

Step 6: From R2, ping PC-A.
From R2 ping PC-A.

Are the pings successful? Why or why not? No, the connection was initiated from outside the R1 LAN and is blocked by the firewall ACL

Step 7: Test SSH access from PC-C to R1.
From external host PC-C, start a PuTTY session to R1.

Is the SSH session connection successful? Why or why not? No, the connection was initiated from outside and is blocked by the firewall ACL.

Step 8: Configure the R1 firewall to allow SSH access from external hosts on the 192.168.3.0/24
network.
a. Display the Extended ACL named autosec_firewall_acl that is applied to S0/0/0 inbound.

b. Configure R1 to allow SSH access by adding a statement to the Extended ACL autosec_firewall_acl that permits the SSH TCP port 22.

c. From external host PC-C, start a PuTTY SSH session to R1 at IP address 10.1.1.1 and log in as RADIUS user RadAdmin with a password of RadAdminpa55.

d. From the SSH session on R1, display the modified Extended ACL autosec_firewall_acl.

Step 9: Configure the R1 firewall to allow NTP and VPN traffic.
a. Configure R1 to allow Network Time Protocol (NTP) updates from R2 by adding a statement to the Extended ACL autosec_firewall_acl that permits the NTP (UDP port 123).

b. Configure R1 to allow IPsec VPN traffic between PC-A and R3 by adding a statement to the Extended ACL autosec_firewall_acl that permits the IPsec Encapsulating Security Protocol (ESP).

Note: In Part 5 of the lab, R3 will be configured as a VPN server, and PC-A will be the remote client.

c. Display the modified extended ACL autosec_firewall_acl.

Step 10: Test Telnet access from internal PC-A to external router R2.
a. From PC-A, telnet to R2 at IP address 10.1 .1.2 using the vty line password Cisc0vtypa55.

Is the telnet attempt successful? Why or why not? Yes, the connection session was initiated from within the R1 LAN and is permitted.

b. Leave the Telnet session open.

Step 11: Display CBAC inspection sessions.
Display the IP inspect session to see the active Telnet session from PC-A to R2.

Task 9: Configure a ZBF Firewall on R3 (Chapter 4)

Step 1: Access SDM using HTTPS.
a. Start the SDM application or open a browser on PC-C and start SDM by entering the R3 IP address at https://192.168.3.1 in the address field. Be sure to use HTTPS as the protocol.
b. At the security certificate warning, click Continue to this website.
c. Log in with no username and the enable secret password cisco12345.
d. In the Authentication Required dialog box and IOS IPS Login dialog box, do not enter a username but enter the enable secret password cisco12345.

Step 2: Use the SDM Firewall wizard to configure a ZBF on R3.
a. Click the Configure button at the top of the SDM screen, and then click Firewall and ACL.
b. Select Basic Firewall and click the Launch the selected task button. On the Basic Firewall Configuration wizard screen, click Next.
c. Check the Inside (trusted) check box for FastEthernet0/1 and the Outside (untrusted) check box for Serial0/0/1. Click Next. Click OK when the SDM access warning is displayed.
d. Select Low Security and click Next. In the Summary window, click Finish.
e. Click OK in the Commands Delivery Status window.

Step 3: Verify ZBF functionality.
a. From PC-C, ping the R2 interface S0/0/1 at IP address 10.2.2.2.

Are the pings successful? Why or why not? Yes, ICMP echo replies are allowed by the sdm-permiticmpreply policy.
b. From external router R2, ping PC-C at IP address 192.168.3.3

Are the pings successful? Why or why not? No, the ping was initiated from outside and was blocked.
c. From router R2, telnet to R3 at IP address 10.2.2.1.

Is the telnet successful? Why or why not? No, the telnet was initiated from outside R3 S0/0/1 and was blocked.

d. From PC-C on the R3 internal LAN, telnet to R2 at IP address 10.2.2.2 and use password Cisc0vtypa55.

User Access verification
Password: Cisc0vtypa55

e. With the Telnet session open from PC-C to R2, issue the command show policy-map type inspect zone-pair session on R3. Continue pressing enter until you see an Inspect Established session section toward the end.

Step 4: Save the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Task 10: Configure Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) on R1 Using Cisco IOS (Chapter 5)

Step 1: (Optional) Install the TFTP server on PC-A.
If a TFTP server is not currently installed on PC-A, download Tftpd32 from http://tftpd32.jounin.net and install it on your desktop. If it is already installed, go to Step 2.

Step 2: Prepare the router and TFTP server.
To configure Cisco IOS IPS 5.x, the IOS IPS Signature package file and public crypto key files must be available on PC-A. Check with your instructor if these files are not on the PC. These files can be downloaded from Cisco.com with a valid user account that has proper authorization.

a. Verify that the IOS-S xx x-CLI.pkg signature package file is in a TFTP folder. The x xx is the version number and varies depending on which file was downloaded.
b. Verify that the realm-cisco.pub.key.txt file is available and note its location on PC-A. This is the public crypto key used by IOS IPS.
c. Verify or create the IPS directory in router flash on R1. From the R1 CLI, display the content of flash memory using the show flash command. Check whether the ipsdir directory exists and if it has files in it.

d. If the ipsdir directory is not listed, create it.

e. If the ipsdir directory exists and the signature files are in it, you must remove the files to perform this part of the lab. Switch to the ipsdir directory and verify that you are in it. Remove the files from the directory, and then return to the flash root directory when you are finished.

Step 3: Open the IPS crypto key file and copy the contents to the router.
On PC-A, locate the crypto key file named realm-cisco.pub.key.txt and open it using Notepad or another text editor. On R1, enter global config mode, copy the contents of the file, and paste the contents to the router.
The contents should look similar to the following:

Step 4: Create an IPS rule.
On R1, create an IPS rule named iosips. This rule will be used later on an interface to enable IPS.

Step 5: Configure the IPS signature storage location in router flash memory.
Specify the location flash:ipsdir where the signature files will be stored.

Step 6: Configure Cisco IOS IPS to use a pre-defined signature category.
Retire all signatures in the “all” category and then unretire the ios_ips basic category.

Step 7: Apply the IPS rule to interfaces S0/0/0 and Fa0/1.
a. Apply the iosips rule that you created on the S0/0/0 interface in the inbound direction.

b. Apply the IPS rule to the R1 Fa0/1 interface in the inbound direction.

Step 8: Verify the IOS IPS signature package location and TFTP server setup
a. Verify connectivity between R1 and PC-A, the TFTP server.
b. Verify that the PC has the IPS signature package file in a directory on the TFTP server. This file is typically named IOS-S xxx CLI.pkg, where xxx is the signature file version.

Note: If this file is not present, contact your instructor before continuing.

c. Start the TFTP server and set the default directory to the one that contains the IPS signature
package.

Step 9: Copy the signature package from the TFTP server to the router.
a. Use the copy tftp command to retrieve the signature file. Be sure to use the idconf keyword at the end of the copy command.

Note: Immediately after the signature package is loaded to the router, signature compiling begins. Allow time for this process to complete. It can take several minutes.

b. Display the contents of the ipsdir directory created earlier.

c. Use the show ip ips all command to see an IPS configuration status summary. To which interfaces and in which direction is the iosips rule applied? S0/0/0 inbound and Fa0/1 inbound.

Step 10: Save the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Task 11: Configure IPS on R3 Using SDM (Chapter 5)

Step 1: (Optional) Install the TFTP server on PC-C.
If a TFTP server is not currently installed on PC-C, download Tftpd32 from http://tftpd32.jounin.net and install it on your desktop. If it is already installed, go to Step 2.

Step 2: Prepare the router and TFTP server.
To configure Cisco IOS IPS 5.x, the IOS IPS signature package file and public crypto key files must be available on PC-A. Check with your instructor if these files are not on the PC. These files can be downloaded from Cisco.com with a valid user account that has proper authorization.

a. Verify that the IOS-S xx x-CLI.pkg signature package file is in a TFTP folder. The x xx is the version number and varies depending on which file was downloaded.
b. Verify that the realm-cisco.pub.key.txt file is available and note its location on PC-A. This is the public crypto key used by Cisco IOS IPS.
c. Verify or create the IPS directory in router flash on R1. From the R1 CLI, display the content of flash memory and check to see if the ipsdir directory exists.

d. If the ipsdir directory is not listed, create it in privileged EXEC mode.

Step 3: Verify the IOS IPS signature package and TFTP server setup.
a. Verify connectivity between R3 and PC-C, the TFTP server, using the ping command.
b. Verify that the PC has the IPS signature package file in a directory on the TFTP server. This file is typically named IOS-S xxx-CLI.pkg, where xxx is the signature file version.

Note: If this file is not present, contact your instructor before continuing.

c. Start Tftpd32 or another TFTP server and set the default directory to the one with the IPS signature package in it. Take note of the filename for use in the next step.

Step 4: Access SDM using HTTPS.
a. Start the SDM application or open a browser on PC-C and start SDM by entering the R3 IP address at https://192.168.3.1 in the address field. Be sure to use HTTPS as the protocol.
b. At the security certificate warning, click Continue to this website.
c. Log in with no username and the enable secret password cisco12345.
d. In the Authentication Required dialog box and IOS IPS Login dialog box, do not enter a username but
enter the enable secret password cisco12345.

Step 5: Use the SDM IPS wizard to configure IPS.
a. Click the Configure button at the top of the SDM screen and then select Intrusion Prevention > Create IPS. Click the Launch IPS Rule Wizard button to begin the IPS configuration. If prompted regarding SDEE notification, click OK. Click Next at the welcome screen.
b. Apply the IPS rule in the inbound direction for FastEthernet0/1 and Serial0/0/1. Click Next.
c. In the Signature File and Public Key window, specify the signature file with a URL and use TFTP to retrieve the file from PC-C. Enter the IP address of the PC-C TFTP server and the filename. Click OK. 192.168.3.3/IOS-S364-CLI.pkg.
d. In the Signature File and Public Key window, enter the name of the public key file realm-cisco.pub.
e. Open the public key file and copy the text that is between the phrase “key-string” and the word “quit.” Paste the text into the Key field in the Configure Public Key section. Click Next.
f. In the Config Location and Category window, specify flash:/ipsdir as the location to store the signature information. Click OK.
g. In the Choose Category field of the Config Location and Category window, choose basic.
h. Click Next to display the Summary window, and click Finish to deliver the commands to the router. Click OK.

Note: Allow the signature configuration process to complete. This can take several minutes.

Step 6: (Optional) Verify IPS functionality with SDM Monitor and SuperScan.
a. If SuperScan is not on PC-C, download the SuperScan 4.0 tool from the Scanning Tools group at http://www.foundstone.com.
b. Start SuperScan on PC-C. Click the Host and Service Discovery tab. Check the Timestamp Request check box, and uncheck the Echo Request check box. Scroll the UDP and TCP port selection lists and notice the range of ports that will be scanned.
c. Click the Scan tab and enter the IP address of R2 S0/0/1 (10.2.2.2) in the Hostname/IP field.

Note: You can also specify an address range, such as 10.1.1.1 to 10.1.1.254, by entering an address in the Start IP and End IP fields. The program scans all hosts with addresses in the range specified.

d. Click the button with the blue arrow in the lower left corner of the screen to start the scan.

Step 7: Check the results with SDM logging.
a. From Cisco SDM, choose Monitor > Logging.
b. Click the Update button. You will see that Cisco IOS IPS has been logging the port scans generated by SuperScan.
c. What syslog messages did you see? You should see syslog messages on R3 and entries in the SDM Monitor Log with descriptions that include one of these phrases: “Invalid DHCP Packet” or “DNS Version Request.”

Step 8: Save the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Task 12: Back Up and Secure the Cisco Router IOS Image and Configuration Files (Chapter 2)

Note: The procedures described here can also be used to back up the switch IOS images and configuration files.

Step 1: Back up the IOS Image from R1 and R3 to a TFTP server.
a. Create a directory for the IOS images on PC-A and PC-C.
b. Start the TFTP server on PC-A and select the IOS images directory as the default directory.
c. Copy the R1 IOS image to the PC-A TFTP server as a backup in case the current image becomes corrupted.

d. Start the TFTP server on PC-C and select the IOS images directory as the default directory.
e. Copy the R3 IOS image to the TFTP server as a backup in case the current image becomes corrupted.

Note: The IOS image on R1 should be the same as the one for R3, so a single backup could suffice for both routers.

Step 2: Back up the configuration files from R1 and R3 to a TFTP server.
a. Create a directory for configurations on PC-A and PC-C.
b. Start the TFTP server on PC-A and select the Configs directory as the default directory.
c. Copy the R1 startup-config file to the PC-A TFTP server as a backup.

Note: If changes have been made to the running config, you can save them to the startup config before backing up the config file.

d. Start the TFTP server on PC-C and select the Configs directory as the default directory.
e. Copy the R3 startup-config file to the PC-C TFTP server as a backup.

Step 3: Secure the Cisco IOS image and archive a copy of the running configuration for R1 and
R3.
a. Secure the IOS boot image to enable Cisco IOS image resilience and hide the file from dir and show commands.

b. Secure the router running configuration and securely archive it in persistent storage (flash).

Step 4: Verify that the image and configuration are secured.
Display the status of configuration resilience and the primary bootset filename.

Part 4: Secure Network Switches (Chapter 6)

Task 1: Configure Passwords and a Login Banner on All Switches (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Configure the enable secret password.
Use an enable secret password of cisco12345.

Step 2: Encrypt a plaintext password.

Step 3: Configure the console line.
Configure a console password of ciscoconpass and enable login. Set the exec-timeout to log out after 5 minutes of inactivity. Prevent console messages from interrupting command entry.

Note: The vty lines for the switches are configured for SSH in Task 2.

Step 4: Configure a login warning banner.
Configure a warning to unauthorized users with a message-of-the-day (MOTD) banner that says “Unauthorized access strictly prohibited and prosecuted to the full extent of the law”.

Step 5: Disable HTTP access.
HTTP access to the switch is enabled by default. To prevent HTTP access, disable the HTTP server and HTTP secure server.

Task 2: Configure Switches as NTP Clients (Chapter 2)

Note: Router R2 is the master NTP server. All other routers and switches learn their time from it, either
directly or indirectly.

Step 1: Configure S1, S2, and S3 to become NTP clients of R2.

Step 2: Verify that S1 has made an association with R2.

Task 3: Configure Syslog Support on All Switches (Chapter 2)

Step 1: (Optional) Install the syslog server on PC-A and PC-C.
If a syslog server is not currently installed on the host, download the latest version of Kiwi from http://www.kiwisyslog.com or Tftpd32 from http://tftpd32.jounin.net and install it on your desktop. If it is already installed, go to Step 2.

Step 2: Configure S1 to log messages to the PC-A syslog server.
a. Verify that you have connectivity between S1 and host PC-A by pinging the S1 VLAN 1 interface IP address 192.168.1.11 from PC-A. If it is not successful, troubleshoot as necessary before continuing.
b. Configure the syslog service on the switch to send syslog messages to the syslog server.

Task 4: Configure the SSH Server on All Switches (Chapter 2)

Step 1: Configure a domain name.
Enter global configuration mode and set the domain name.

Step 2: Configure a privileged user for login from the SSH client.
Use the username command to create the user ID with the highest possible privilege level and a secret password.

Step 3: Configure the incoming vty lines.

a. Configure vty access on lines 0 through 4. Specify that a privilege level of 15 is required to access the vty lines, use the local user accounts for mandatory login and validation, and accept only SSH connections.

b. Disable login for switch vty lines 5 through 15.

Step 4: Generate the RSA encryption key pair.
The switch uses the RSA key pair for authentication and encryption of transmitted SSH data. Configure the RSA keys with 1024 for the number of modulus bits.

Instructor Note: If only the crypto key generate rsa command is issued with no additional parameters, the default keys generated will be a general purpose key pair for signing and encryption. In addition you will be prompted for the number of bits in the modulus. The default is 512 bits.

Step 5: Verify SSH connectivity to S1 from the SSH client PC-A.
a. If the SSH client is not already installed, download either TeraTerm or PuTTY.
b. Launch the client, enter the VLAN 1 IP address, and enter the Admin01 username and password.
c. Close the PuTTY SSH session window with the exit or quit command.
d. Try to open a Telnet session to switch S1 from PC-A. Are you able to open the Telnet session? Why
or why not? No, the Telnet session fails because only SSH is enabled as input for the vty lines.

Task 5: Configure Authentication Using AAA and RADIUS on All Switches (Chapter 3)

Step 1: (Optional) Download and configure the WinRadius software.
a. If WinRadius is not currently installed on PC-A and PC-C, download the latest version from http://www.suggestsoft.com/soft/itconsult2000/winradius/. There is no installation setup. The extracted WinRadius.exe file is executable.
b. Start the WinRadius.exe application. If the application is being started for the first time, follow the instructions to configure the WinRadius server database.

Step 2: Configure users and passwords on the WinRadius server.

Note: If the RADIUS user accounts were previously configured, you can skip this step. If the RADIUS server has been shut down and restarted, you must recreate the user accounts.

a. Add username RadAdmin with a password of RadAdminpa55.
b. Add username RadUser with a password of RadUserpa55.

Step 3: Enable AAA.
Create a AAA new model to enable AAA.

Step 4: Configure the default login authentication list.
Configure the list to first use RADIUS for the authentication service and then local, to allow access based on the local switch database if a RADIUS server cannot be reached.

Step 5: Verify connectivity between S1 and the PC-A RADIUS server.
Ping from S1 to PC-A.

If the pings are not successful, troubleshoot the PC and switch configuration before continuing.

Step 6: Specify a RADIUS server.
Configure the switch to access the RADIUS server at PC-A. Specify auth-port 1812 and acct-port 1813, along with the IP address and secret key of WinRadius for the RADIUS server.

Step 7: Test the RADIUS configuration by logging in to the console on S1.
a. Exit to the initial router screen that displays the following: R1 con0 is now available, Press RETURN to get started.
b. Log in with the username RadAdmin and password RadAdminpass. Can you log in with minimal delay? Yes, and there was negligible delay because S1 was able to access the RADIUS server to validate the username and password.

Note: If you exit the WinRadius server and restart it, you must recreate the user accounts from Step 2.

Step 8: Test your configuration by connecting to S1 with SSH.
a. Clear the log on the WinRadius server by selecting Log > Clear.
b. Use PuTTY or another terminal emulation client to open an SSH session from PC-A to S1.
c. At the login prompt, enter the username RadAdmin defined on the RADIUS server and a password of RadAdminpa55.
Are you able to login to R1? Yes

Task 6: Secure Trunk Ports (Chapter 6)

Step 1: Configure trunk ports on S1 and S2.
a. Configure port Fa0/1 on S1 as a trunk port.

b. Configure port Fa0/1 on S2 as a trunk port.

c. Verify that S1 port Fa0/1 is in trunking mode.

Step 2: Change the native VLAN for the trunk ports on S1 and S2.
Changing the native VLAN for trunk ports to an unused VLAN helps prevent VLAN hopping attacks.

a. Set the native VLAN on the S1 Fa0/1 trunk interface to an unused VLAN 99.

b. Set the native VLAN on the S2 Fa0/1 trunk interface to VLAN 99.

Step 3: Prevent the use of DTP on S1 and S2.
Set the trunk ports on S1 and S2 so that they do not negotiate by turning off the generation of DTP frames.

Step 4: Verify the trunking configuration on port Fa0/1.

Step 5: Enable storm control for broadcasts.
Enable storm control for broadcasts on the trunk port with a 50 percent rising suppression level using the

Step 6: Verify the configuration with the show run command.

Task 7: Secure Access Ports (Chapter 6)
By manipulating the STP root bridge parameters, network attackers hope to spoof their system, or a rogue switch that they add to the network, as the root bridge in the topology. If a port that is configured with PortFast receives a BPDU, STP can put the port into the blocking state by using a feature called BPDU guard.

Step 1: Disable trunking on S1, S2, and S3 access ports.
a. On S1, configure ports Fa0/5 and F0/6 as access mode only.

b. On S2, configure Fa0/18 as access mode only.

c. On S3, configure ports Fa0/5 and Fa0/18 as access mode only.

Task 8: Protect Against STP Attacks (Chapter 6)
The topology has only two switches and no redundant paths, but STP is still active. In this step, you enable some switch security features that can help reduce the possibility of an attacker manipulating switches via STP-related methods.

Step 1: Enable PortFast on S1, S2, and S3 access ports.
PortFast is configured on access ports that connect to a single workstation or server to enable them to become active more quickly.

a. Enable PortFast on the S1 Fa0/5 and Fa0/6 access ports.

b. Enable PortFast on the S2 Fa0/18 access port.

S2(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/18
S2(config-if)#spanning-tree portfast

c. Enable PortFast on the S3 Fa0/5 and Fa0/18 access port.

Step 2: Enable BPDU guard on the S1, S2, and S3 access ports.
BPDU guard is a feature that can help prevent rogue switches and spoofing on access ports. Enable BPDU guard on the switch ports previously configured as access only.

Task 9: Configure Port Security and Disable Unused Ports (Chapter 6)

Step 1: Configure basic port security.
Shut down all end-user access ports that are in use and enable basic default port security. This sets the maximum MAC addresses to 1 and the violation action to shutdown. Reissue the port security command using the sticky option to allow the secure MAC address that is dynamically learned on a port to the switch running configuration. Re-enable each access port to which port security was applied.

Step 2: Disable unused ports on S1 and S2.
As a further security measure, disable any ports not being used on the switch.

a. Ports Fa0/1, Fa0/5, and Fa0/6 are used on switch S1. Shut down the remaining Fast Ethernet ports and the two Gigabit Ethernet ports.

b. Ports Fa01/ and Fa0/18 are used on switch S2. Shut down the remaining Fast Ethernet ports and the two Gigabit Ethernet ports.

c. Ports Fa0/5 and Fa0/18 are used on switch S3. Shut down the remaining Fast Ethernet ports and the two Gigabit Ethernet ports.

Step 3: (Optional) Move active ports to another VLAN and change the management VLAN.
As a further security measure, you can move all active end-user and router ports to a VLAN other than the default VLAN 1 on the switches. You can also change the management VLAN from VLAN 1 to another VLAN, but you must have at least one end-user host port in that VLAN to manage the switch remotely using Telnet, SSH, or HTTP.

Note: The following configuration allows you to manage either switch remotely from either PC-A or PC-B. You can only access the switches remotely using SSH, because Telnet and HTTP have been disabled. The procedure for switch S3 is also shown.

a. Configure a new VLAN for users on each switch using the following commands.

Note: You could also configure VLAN 10 on switch S3, but it would not communicate with VLAN 10 on switches S1 and S2.

b. Add the current active access (non-trunk) ports to the new VLAN.

c. On each switch, remove the management VLAN IP address from VLAN 1 (configured in Part 1 of the lab) and shut it down. The following example is for switch S1.

d. Configure a management VLAN IP address for the VLAN 10 interface on S1 and S2 and enable it.

e. Configure a management VLAN IP address for the VLAN 30 interface on S3 and enable it.

Step 4: Save the running-config to the startup-config.

Part 5: Configuring VPN Remote Access
In Part 5, you configure a remote access IPsec VPN. R3 is configured as an Easy VPN server using SDM, and the Cisco VPN Client is configured on PC-A. The PC-A host simulates an employee connecting from home or a remote office over the Internet. Router R2 simulates an Internet ISP router.

Task 1: Use the SDM VPN Wizard to Configure the Easy VPN Server (Chapter 8)

Step 1: Access SDM using HTTPS.
a. Start the SDM application or open a browser on PC-C and start SDM by entering the R3 IP address at https://192.168.3.1 in the address field. Be sure to use HTTPS as the protocol.
b. At the security certificate warning, click Continue to this website.
c. Log in with no username and the enable secret password cisco12345.
d. In the Authentication Required dialog box and IOS IPS Login dialog box, do not enter a username, but enter enable secret password cisco12345.

Step 2: Launch the Easy VPN Server wizard.
a. Click the Configure button at the top of the SDM home screen and click the VPN task button to view the VPN configuration page.
b. Select Easy VPN Server from the main VPN window, and then click Launch Easy VPN Server Wizard.

Note: The Easy VPN Server Wizard checks the router configuration to see if AAA is enabled. If AAA is not enabled, the Enable AAA window displays. AAA was enabled on the router previously.

Step 3: Configure the virtual tunnel interface and authentication.
a. Select the interface on which the client connections terminate. Click the Unnumbered to radio button, and select the Serial0/0/1 interface from the pull-down menu.
b. Select Pre-shared Keys for the authentication type and click Next to continue.

Step 4: Select an IKE proposal.
In the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) Proposals window, the default IKE proposal is used for R3. Click Next to accept the default IKE policy.

Step 5: Select the transform set.
In the Transform Sets window, the default SDM transform set is used. Click Next to accept the default transform set.

Step 6: Specify the group authorization and group policy lookup.
a. In the Group Authorization and Group Policy Lookup window, select the Local option.
b. Click Next to create a new AAA method list for group policy lookup that uses the local router database.

Step 7: Configure user authentication (XAuth).
a. In the User Authentication (XAuth) window, check the Enable User Authentication check box and select Local Only.
b. Click the Add User Credentials button. In the User Accounts window, you can view currently defined local users or add new users. Which user account is currently defined locally? Admin01
c. Add the new user VPNUser1 with a password of VPNUser1pa55 and click OK.
d. Click OK to close the User Accounts window. Click Next.

Step 8: Specify group authorization and user group policies.
In the Group Authorization and User Group Policies window, you must create at least one group policy for the VPN server.

a. Click Add to create a group policy.
b. In the Add Group Policy window, enter VPN-Access in the Name of This Group field. Enter a new pre-shared key of cisco12345 and then re-enter it. Leave the Pool Information box checked. Enter a starting address of 192.168.3.200, an ending address of 192.168.3.250, and a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.
c. Click OK to accept the entries.
d. An SDM warning message displays indicating that the IP address pool and the Fast Ethernet 0/1 address are in the same subnet. Click Yes to continue.
e. Check the Configure Idle Timer check box and enter 1 hour, 0 minutes, and 0 seconds.
f. When the Cisco Tunneling Control Protocol (cTCP) window displays, do not enable cTCP. Click OK if
a firewall warning message displays. Click Next to continue.
g. When the Easy VPN Server Pass-through Configuration window displays, make sure that the Action Modify check box is checked. This option allows SDM to modify the firewall on S0/0/1 to allow IPsec VPN traffic to reach the internal LAN.

Step 9: Review the configuration summary and deliver the commands.
Scroll through the commands that SDM will send to the router. Click Finish.

Step 10: Test the VPN Server
You are returned to the main VPN window with the Edit VPN Server tab selected. Click the Test VPN Server button in the lower right corner of the screen. In the VPN Troubleshooting window, click the Start button. Click Close to exit the VPN Troubleshooting window.

Task 2: Use the Cisco VPN Client to Test the Remote Access VPN (Chapter 8)

Step 1: (Optional) Install the Cisco VPN client.
If the Cisco VPN Client software is not already installed on host PC-A, install it now. If you do not have the Cisco VPN Client software or are unsure of the process, contact your instructor.

Step 2: Configure PC-A as a VPN client to access the R3 VPN server
a. Start the Cisco VPN Client. Select Connection Entries > New or click the New icon with the plus sign (+) on it.
b. Enter the following information to define the new connection entry. Click Save when you are finished.
Connection Entry: VPN-Corp
Description: Connection to R3 corporate network
Host: 10.2.2.1 (IP address of the R3 S0/0/1 interface)
Group Authentication Name: VPN-Access (specifies the address pool configured in Task 2)
Password: cisco12345 (pre-shared key configured in Task 2)
Confirm Password: cisco12345

Note: The group authentication name and password are case-sensitive and must match the ones created on the VPN Server.

Step 3: Test access from PC-A without a VPN connection.
Note: In the previous step, you created a VPN connection entry on the VPN client computer PC-A, but have not activated it yet.
Open a command prompt on PC-A and ping the PC-C IP address at 192.168.3.3 on the R3 LAN. Are the pings successful? Why or why not? No, the pings failed because PC-A still has an IP address of 192.168.1.3, which cannot access the internal R3 LAN. PC-A cannot access the internal PC-C host without a VPN connection and an address from within R3 LAN address space (192.168.3.0/24).

Step 4: Establish a VPN connection and login.
a. Select the newly created connection VPN-Corp and click the Connect icon. You can also doubleclick the connection entry.
b. When the VPN Client User Authentication dialog box displays, enter the username VPNUser1 created previously on the VPN router R3, and enter the password of VPNUser1pa55. Click OK to continue. The VPN Client window minimizes to a lock icon in the tools tray of the taskbar. When the lock is closed, the VPN tunnel is up. When it is open, the VPN connection is down.

Step 5: Test access from the client with the VPN connection.
With the VPN connection from computer PC-A to router R3 activated, open a command prompt on PC-Aand ping the R3 default gateway at 192.168.3.1. Then ping the PC-C IP address at 192.168.3.3 on the R3LAN. Are the pings successful? Why or why not? The pings are now successful because PC-A has an IPaddress (192.168.3.200 in this case) that was assigned by the VPN server and is inside the R3 LAN.

Router Interface Summary Table

Router Interface Summary
Router Model Ethernet Interface
#1
Ethernet Interface
#2
Serial Interface
#1
Serial Interface
#2
1700 Fast Ethernet 0
(Fa0)
Fast Ethernet 1
(Fa1)
Serial 0 (S0) Serial 0/0/1
(S0/0/1)
1800 Fast Ethernet 0/0
(Fa0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(Fa0/1)
Serial 0/0/0
(S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1
(S0/0/1)
2600 Fast Ethernet 0/0
(Fa0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(Fa0/1)
Serial 0/0 (S0/0) Serial 0/1 (S0/1)
2800 Fast Ethernet 0/0
(Fa0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(Fa0/1)
Serial 0/0/0
(S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1
(S0/0/1)
Note: To find out how the router is configured, look at the interfaces to identify the type of router and how many interfaces the router has. Rather than list all combinations of configurations for each router class, this table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of Ethernet and serial interfaces in the device. The table does not include any other type of interface, even though a specific router might contain one. For example, for an ISDN BRI interface, the string in parenthesis is the legal abbreviation that can be used in Cisco IOS commands to represent the interface.

Device Configs

Router R1

Router R2

Router R3

Switch S1

Switch S2

Switch S3